Indian Curriculum



  • Overview
  • Chapters


  • 1: Matter-Its Nature and Behavior
    1.1: Physical nature of matter
    1.1.1: Definition of matter: solid, liquid and gas
    1.1.2: Characteristics - shape, volume and density
    1.1.3: Change of state - Melting, freezing, evaporation, condensation, sublimation
    1.2: Nature of matter
    1.2.1: Introduction of Elements, compounds and mixtures
    1.2.2: Heterogeneous and homogeneous mixtures, colloids and suspensions
    1.3: Particle nature and their basic units
    1.3.1: Introduction of atoms and molecules
    1.3.2: Law of constant proportions
    1.3.3: Atomic and molecular masses
    1.3.4: Mole concept: Relationship of mole to mass of the particles and numbers
    1.4: Structure of atoms
    1.4.1: Introduction of different atomic models
    1.4.2: Concepts of Electrons, Protons and Neutrons
    1.4.3: Distribution of electrons in different orbits (shells)
    1.4.4: Concepts of Valency of different elements
    1.4.5: Concept of atomic number and mass number
    1.4.6: Concept of Isotopes and Isobars
    1.4.7: Chemical formula of common compounds
  • 2: Organization in the Living World
    2.1: Cell — The Fundamental Unit of life
    2.1.1: Cell theory (as a basic unit of life)
    2.1.2: Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
    2.1.3: Multicellular organisms
    2.1.4: Cell membrane and cell wall
    2.1.5: Cell organelles and cell inclusions
    2.1.6: Introduction and basic diagrams of chloroplast
    2.2: Tissues, Organs, Organ System, Organism
    2.2.1: Structure and functions of animal (only four types of tissues)
    2.2.2: Structure and functions of plant tissues (Meristematic and Permanent tissues)
    2.3: Biological Diversity
    2.3.1: Diversity of plants and animals
    2.3.2: Hierarchy of categories / groups, Major groups of plants (salient features)
    2.3.3: Major groups of animals (salient features)
    2.4: Health and Diseases
    2.4.1: Health and its failure
    2.4.2: Infectious and Non-infectious diseases, their causes and manifestation
    2.4.3: Diseases caused by microbes (Virus, Bacteria and Protozoans) & their prevention
    2.4.4: Principles of treatment and prevention
    2.4.5: Pulse Polio programmes
  • 3: Motion, Force and Work
    3.1: Motion
    3.1.1: Concepts of distance, displacement, velocity and acceleration
    3.1.2: Uniform and non-uniform motion along a straight line
    3.1.3: Distance-time and velocity-time graphs
    3.1.4: Derivation of equations of motion by graphical method
    3.1.5: Elementary idea of uniform circular motion
    3.2: Force and Newton's laws
    3.2.1: Concept of Force and Motion
    3.2.2: Newton's Laws of Motion with examples
    3.2.3: Action and Reaction forces
    3.2.4: Balanced and unbalanced forces
    3.2.5: Basic idea of Inertia and mass of a body
    3.2.6: Linear momentum and its formula
    3.2.7: Relation between Force and Acceleration
    3.2.8: Elementary idea of conservation of Momentum
    3.3: Gravitation
    3.3.1: Introduction of Gravitation
    3.3.2: Universal Laws of Gravitation
    3.3.3: Force of Gravitation of the earth (gravity)
    3.3.4: Acceleration due to Gravity
    3.3.5: Concept of Weight of a body
    3.3.6: Free fall motion
    3.4: Floatation
    3.4.1: Concept of Thrust and Pressure
    3.4.2: Archimedes' Principle and its application
    3.4.3: Concept of Buoyancy
    3.4.4: Elementary idea of Relative Density
    3.5: Work, energy and power
    3.5.1: Definition of Work done by a Force and its calculation using formula W=FS
    3.5.2: Definition of Energy and its forms
    3.5.3: Definition of Kinetic energy and its formula (derivation)
    3.5.4: Potential energy and its forms (formula of gravitational potential energy)
    3.5.5: Definition of power and its formula
    3.5.6: Law of conservation of energy (kinetic and potential)
    3.6: Sound Wave
    3.6.1: Nature of sound and its propagation in various media
    3.6.2: Characteristic of sound wave and relation between different parameters
    3.6.3: Speed of sound in various media
    3.6.4: Range of hearing in humans
    3.6.5: Basic idea of ultrasound and its application
    3.6.6: Reflection of sound- echo and SONAR
    3.6.7: Structure of the Human Ear
  • 4: Our Environment
    4.1: Natural resources
    4.1.1: Introduction of Air, Water and Soil
    4.1.2: Air for respiration, combustion, moderating temperatures
    4.1.3: Movements of air(wind) and its role in bringing rains across India
    4.1.4: Air, water and soil pollution (brief introduction)
    4.1.5: Holes in ozone layer and the probable damages
    4.2: Bio-geo chemical cycles in nature
    4.2.1: Brief introduction of water-cycle, nitrogen-cycle, oxygen-cycle and carbon-cycle
  • 5: Food Production
    5.1: Improvement in Food Resources
    5.1.1: Improvement in Crop Yield (verity, production and protection)
    5.1.2: Plant and animal breeding and selection for quality improvement and management
    5.1.3: Crop Nutrient Management and Use of fertilizers and manures
    5.1.4: Crop protection management (from pests and diseases)
    5.1.5: Basic introduction Organic farming and its benefits
    5.1.6: Basic introduction of Animal husbandry (Cattle farming, Poultry farming)
    5.1.7: Fish production (Marine and Inland fisheries)
    5.1.8: Bee-keeping

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